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Four Questions to Ask Before You Give--or Accept--Advice
Written by
Jill Jepson
August 2014
Written by
Jill Jepson
August 2014

Advice is a tricky issue for writers. On the one hand, we need it, seek it out, and hope it will help. On the other, we sometimes resent it. Advice can save our writing, as good editors have done for me more than once, or it can lead us into writing disaster.

But as muddled as our feelings about advice may be, there are some fairly clear-cut ways to know when to listen to it—and when to give it. Before you accept advice, or offer it yourself, ask these four questions:

Is it solicited?

“You really shouldn’t wear your hair like that. A sleeker style would be much more becoming.” These were the words of a woman I’d just met after a conference on Cyprus years ago. We were sitting at a café, sharing thoughts about teaching and research and planning a day trip the next day, when her opinion came out of the blue. “I hope you don’t mind my being blunt,” she said.

Well, I did mind—enough to bow out of our planned excursion—not because I cared what she thought about my personal style, but because I was disturbed by the idea that a perfect stranger felt she had the right to comment on anything about my life.

Unsolicited advice is intrusive. It violates personal boundaries. It seeks to put the advisor in a position of power over the advisee. And it almost always comes from the advice-giver’s own perfectionism and insecurities, rather than a true desire to help.

Of course, there are occasions when it’s necessary—such as when the welfare of a vulnerable person or animal is endangered. If you see someone shutting a dog in a hot car or leaving a child without supervision, by all means, step in.

But, except for those unusual cases, my basic rule of thumb is: Don’t give unsolicited advice, and be wary of taking it.

Is it knowledgeable?

Many years ago, when I was feeling down about the sales of one of my books, I started getting all kinds of advice from friends. It was so kind and well intended, I didn’t have the heart to tell them their suggestions were making me cringe. None of them had ever published a book, they had no idea why my book wasn’t selling—even my professional publicist wasn’t sure—and their advice ranged from the impractical to the downright ludicrous.

It’s not that non-experts have nothing to offer. Sometimes they come with fresh eyes and creative ideas. But people without sufficient experience or training are also likely to lack the understanding to give truly useful advice. Guidance based on deep and thorough knowledge is the whole reason we go to doctors, attorneys, and therapists, rather than relying on the advice of friends when we have serious problems. The same basic principle applies in all situations: Make sure the advice you’re getting or giving is based on reliable information.

Is it balanced?

I’m suspicious of advice that is all negative. When I evaluate students’ or clients’ work, I always discuss the things that are working as well as the things that aren’t, and when my students do peer reviewing, I make them start out by saying one thing they genuinely like in the paper they’re reviewing. Once in awhile one of them asks, “But what if there’s nothing we like about the paper?” My answer: Keep reading until you find it.

Writers need to know what is strong and clear in their work as well as what is weak or muddled. Criticism that is purely negative doesn’t give them that: It shows only part of the picture. Add to that the fact that negative advice can be discouraging, and you have a pretty strong set of reasons to make sure the advice you give—and the advice you take—shows both sides.

What is the advisor’s motivation?

Advice should be given for one reason: to help.

People offer their opinions to deal with their own anxieties, make themselves feel important, give themselves a sense of power, and draw attention to themselves. Perhaps the most common reason is to show how much they know about a topic—to present themselves as authorities. But none of these are good reasons for doling out advice. In short: Unless advice is based on a genuine desire to serve another person, it will be neither helpful nor appreciated.

When someone offers you advice—or you feel the urge to give some yourself—ask yourself these four questions. Make sure the advice you get and give is solicited, based on knowledge and experience, balanced, and offered in a true spirit of giving.


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  • Jill Jepson

    What terrific experience you have, Kelly. Sounds like you have some excellent advice to offer!

  • I used to be  a political consultant.  I'd tell my clients:  "The only thing you'll get in abundance during your campaign is free advice."  Then, I ran for office myself and experienced just how true that is!  One volunteer came up to me after a public presentation and offered to take me bra shopping....(It's in my book -- anecdote was too precious not to include.)

    Here's my, uh, advice about advice:

    •  Advice is always more about the person giving it than about you or your work.
    •  Which doesn't mean it doesn't/can't/won't apply to your work.  If at first it doesn't ring true, but continues to bug you, then there's something to it. 
    •  If you hear the same comment from a bunch of different people at different times, time to take notice.
    •  Never make changes just to respond to someone's advice -- unless you agree with his/her advice!
    •  Be open-minded.  The person may be offering a "solution" that makes no sense, but what they are really doing is pointing out a problem -- one that you might have overlooked that can be solved another way.
    •  Thank everyone who offers an opinion.  Shows people care enough about your work to formulate and express an opinion.
    As for me?  I now wear better bras, thanks to my campaign supporter!  (pun intended)

    Kelly Hayes-Raitt

    Mosey on over to my web site and sign in for your free gift -- an mp3 of me reading my book's first chapter about a beggar in Iraq!

  • Jill Jepson

    Thanks, Dora and Bella!

  • Bella Mahaya Carter

    Very thoughtful and wise, Jill. Thank you.

  • Dora Gonzalez

    I agree with all your points here. Wonderfully said. I always try to include both the good and bad in my book reviews especially if the rating I am giving is below a 3 star. Also a writer myself I would like some good with the bad. :) Thanks for sharing.

  • Jill Jepson

    I'm pleased you found the post useful, Kelly!

  • Jill Jepson

    Thanks, Karen!

  • Karen A Szklany Writing

    Great, thought-provoking post, Jill. Thank you.

  • Jill Jepson

    I agree, Adela. Even advice that is asked for, offered kindly, and based on expertise can be difficult for us to swallow!

  • Jill Jepson

    Good point, Tyra Brumfield. People often do give good advice for the wrong reasons and in the wrong way!

  • Thank you. Lovely advise.  I must tweet it from the rooftop. It's sometimes hard to take in advice, digest it, and apply in a balanced manner.  Even when it's solicited and knowledgeable.  Hmmm... almost sounds like diet advise.

  • Tyra Brumfield

    "People offer their opinions to deal with their own anxieties, make themselves feel important, give themselves a sense of power, and draw attention to themselves. Perhaps the most common reason is to show how much they know about a topic—to present themselves as authorities." I agree completely with this description as I received scourging remarks in a critique group by someone whose picture should be beside this definition. I ended this participant's arrogant and persistent dart throwing by  raising my voice in the most lady-like manner I could by saying, "Not everyone is going to like my writing and I'm OK with that!"

    After the dust settled--weeks after--I have to admit that Captain Blowhard may have been right. Reluctantly, I made the adjustments he made painfully clear just to see if he was right and I liked the story better. Others did as well. 

    I said all of this to say that even when advice is served to you at the end of a meat cleaver it may be worth hearing.

  • Jill Jepson

    Thanks, Patricia!

  • Patricia Robertson

    Thankyou! Love your advice. Helpful.

  • Jill Jepson

    I'm glad you found the post helpful, Susan!

  • Susan Brandt

    Great simple approach.  I instinctively have tried to follow your four principles when giving advice --- although I have to be careful about unsolicited advice. I am an inveterate problem solver.  You've made it easier for me to check that tendency.

  • Jill Jepson

    Thanks, B. Lynn. I love the fact that you add "keep what's useful and disregard the rest." Excellent!

  • Jill Jepson

    It's hard to think of the best advice I've received, Patricia Robertson. High on the list would be, "Write what you would love to read" and "the most important thing you'll will need as a writer is perseverance." As for book sales,it was back in the days where marketing all depended on publishers, and there wasn't much an author could do. There was no such thing as an author's platform and no way to get the word out. Once that changed, a whole possibility of achieving better sales opened up. 

  • B. Lynn Goodwin

    Wise advice. (Wiser than I've heard from some critiquers.) I ALWAYS tell an author what works, what touches me, what makes me smile, what confuses me, what trips me up, etc. I also tell her or him to "keep only what's useful and disregard the rest." Thanks for reminding me I'm on the right track. =)


  • Jill Jepson

    Thanks, Jill!

  • Patricia Robertson

    Jill, what's some of the best advice you have received? Also, I'm curious about book that wasn't selling. Did you find a way to increase sales? Were you able to figure out why it wasn't selling? 

  • Jill Smolowe

    This is Wonderful, sane advice that I'll take.